South Africa 1977
55 images Created 30 Jul 2021
In the final era of white minority rule and apartheid segregation and discrimination, the country struggles towards racial equality. South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa, is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation. About 80% of South Africans are of Black African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages. During the 20th century, the black majority sought to claim more rights from the dominant white minority, which played a large role in the country's recent history and politics. The National Party imposed apartheid in 1948, institutionalising previous racial segregation. After a long and sometimes violent struggle by the African National Congress (ANC) and other anti-apartheid activists both inside and outside the country, the repeal of discriminatory laws began in the mid-1980s. Since 1994, all ethnic and linguistic groups have held political representation in the country's liberal democracy. South Africa is often referred to as the "rainbow nation" to describe the country's multicultural diversity, especially in the wake of apartheid. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BC. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BC, and reached its territorial height in the sixth century BC, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which became one of the largest empires in history and the world's first superpower. Photographs by James P. Blair with text by William S. Ellis, “South Africa's Lonely Ordeal" was published in the June 1977 issue of National Geographic Magazine.